አማርኛ (Amharic) Character Traits Vocabulary

Here’s some vocabulary relating to character traits, followed by some exercises to practice the vocabulary.

ኩራት/kuratproudተነሰሺነት/tänäsäšinätmotivation
ግድለሽ/gïdläšcarelessአደራ መስጣት/adär mäst’at*to trust
ጥብቅ/t’bïk’strictበዋዛ ፈዛዛ/bäwaza fäzazalazy
ባህር/bahr**characterሀቀኝነት/häk’äñïnäthonesty
ጨዋ/c’äwapoliteትህትና/tïhtïna***character
*literally means “to give responsibility” **can be good or bad — “he has good character” or “he has bad character” ***only used in a positive sense — “ትህትና አላት/tïhtïna alat” means “she has (good) character”

Exercise: Match the words to their SYNONYMS.

1. ___ ትህትና/tïhtïnaሀ. ግደለሽ/gïdäläš
2. ___ አደራ መስጣት/adära mäst’atለ. ደግ/däg
3. ___ በዋዛ ፈዛዛ/bäwaza fäzazaሐ. እምነት መጣል/ïmnät mät’al
4. ___ ጨዋ/c’äwaመ. ጥሩ ባህሪ/t’ïru bahri

Exercise: Match the words to their OPPOSITES.

1. ___ ጨዋ/c’äwaሀ. ወሻታም መሆን/wäšatam mähon
2. ___ ሀቀኝነት/häk’äñïnätለ. በለጌ/bäläge
3. ___ ትህትና/tïhtïnaሐ. ግድለሽ/gïdläš
4. ___ ተነሰሺነት/tänäsäšinätመ. እፍረት/ïfrät
5. ___ ኩራት/kuratሰ. ክፉ ማሆን/kïfu mähon

Exercise: Fill-in-the-blanks using the following words

ሀቀኛ/häk’äña
ኩራት/kurat
ግድለሽ/gïdläš
ጥብቅ/t’ïbk’

  1. እሷ __________ ናት። በጭረሽ አልዋሸችም።
    ïswa __________ nat. bäc’räš alwašäčm.
  2. አስተማሪዋ __________ ናት። ተማሪዎቿ ሁልጊዜ የትምህርት ሕግጋት መከበር አለበቸው።
    astämariwa __________ nat. tämariwočwa hulgize yätïmhïrt hïgïgat mäkäbär aläbäčaw::
  3. እኔ የዩኒቨርሲቲ ትምህርቴን ስጭረስ __________ ተስምቶኝ ነበር።
    ïne yäyunivärsiti tïmhïrten sïč’räs __________ täsmtoñ näbär.
  4. __________ ተማሪ የበት ሲራ አልሰረም።
    __________ tämari yäbet sïra alsäräm.

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